Azure recently start to support the Generation 2 VMs. Before When we create a VMs inside Azure it uses the Generation 1 VMs. If your work with Hyper-V in on-premises environment generation of the VMs are not an strange thing. Because Hyper-V support Generation 2 VMs from Windows Server 2012 R2. Inside Azure datacenter it also uses Hyper-V as a virtualization platform but compared the the on-premises OS its a customized OS, specially design for Azure datacenter.
Currently generation 2 VMs are in a preview state, we need to consider before using generation 2 because its impossible to change after creating VM.
In generation 2 VMs have features that are not available in generation 1 as increased memory, Intel Software Guard Extensions (Intel SGX), and virtualized persistent memory (vPMEM).
Generation 2 VMs use the new UEFI-based boot architecture rather than the BIOS-based architecture used by generation 1 VMs. Compared to generation 1 VMs, generation 2 VMs might have improved boot and installation times.
Currently not all VMs in Azure supported for generation 2 VMs. Following is the list currently supported.
- Dsv2-series and Dsv3-series
- Ls-series and Lsv2-series
Generation 2 VMs support the following Marketplace images:
- Windows Server 2019 Datacenter
- Windows Server 2016 Datacenter
- Windows Server 2012 R2 Datacenter
- Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Difference between on-premises generation 2 VM svs Azure generation 2 VMs
|Generation 2 feature||On-premises Hyper-V||Azure|
|Virtualization-based security (VBS)||Yes||No|
We can create a generation 2 VM from Azure portal and Azure CLI as below
First we need to select VM which support generation 2 VM. we can search in Azure marketplace as below to find a VM.
Search for the VMs
Select the VM with Gen2 enable
Select it and create the VM.
Following command can be used for create VM through CLI
az vm create \ --resource-group Gen2VMs \ --name myVM \ --image MicrosoftWindowsServer:windowsserver-gen2preview:2019-datacenter-gen2:latest \ --admin-username localadmin \ --admin-password [email protected]
Following is the screenshot verifying running on generation 2